Annex B: Cycle Parking Design Details
Cycle Parking General Requirements
Cycle parking facilities should be:-
- Conveniently located;
- Easy to use;
- Adequately lit;
- Well signed and; preferably,
Cycle Parking Design
Ideally a cycle parking facility should allow for the frame and both wheels to be locked to the fixture. Cycle stands which only grip the cycle by a wheel (these include concrete slots) are not recommended as they offer only limited security and can result in damage to wheel rims. The accepted types of cycle parking facility are: -
- Sheffield style.
- Rail or Guard rail.
- Wall bracket.
- Cycle locker.
Other types or innovative designs will be considered on their merits, however, types, which solely support wheels, are only considered suitable within secure buildings.
When designing parking facilities the space required for a parked cycle should be taken as 2,000mm (length) by 600mm (width).
It is recommended that parking facilities should be located as close as possible to the entrance of the establishment they are intended to serve in order that convenience and security may be maximised. Where possible they should be placed so that they may be overlooked by occupiers of the buildings or be in clear view of pedestrians.
Stands placed in dark recesses or at the rear of car parks will not be accepted as these will not be attractive in terms of security and are therefore unlikely to be used.
Cycle stands should be placed carefully in relation to their surroundings. The appearance of cycle stands may be enhanced by incorporating them into wider environmental improvement schemes. Care should be taken to ensure that any stand provided does not obstruct pedestrians or incorporate dangerous projections.
Designs should aim to be:-
- Well lit;
- Easy to use, and
Sheffield stands and wall loops are recommended, preferably situated as close to the destination point as possible, in well signed small groups within appropriately illuminated areas.
Figure 1: Sheffield Stand
A typical Sheffield Stand layout is shown on Figure 1. The stand provides good support to the cycle and allows the cyclist to secure both the frame and wheels without risk of damage. Stands should be 750mm high and a minimum of 700mm long. A desirable minimum distance of 1,000mm should be provided between stands to accommodate two cycles per stand. Stand ends should either be embedded in concrete, bolted to the ground or welded to parallel bars at ground level to form a ‘toast rack’ system. Adequate space should be provided at either end of the stand to enable cycles to be easily removed. (Desirable size 700, minimum 500mm).
At schools, leisure facilities or other similar locations where children may attend, an extra horizontal bar should be provided 500mm above ground level to provide support for children’s cycles.
Figure 2: Wall Bars
Wall bars are simple, relatively inexpensive and may be more appropriate than Sheffield stands in areas where pavement widths are restricted. Refer to Figure 2. They may also be less environmentally intrusive than Sheffield stands in certain circumstances. The disadvantage with wall loops is that an excessively long chain is required to secure both the cycle wheels and the frame. Therefore, in the majority of circumstances wall bars are likely to only offer a limited level of security. Bars should be installed at an angle of 30O, should be 500mm from the ground at their lowest point, project no more than 50mm from the wall, and be a minimum of 2,000mm apart.
Figure 3: Typical Cycle Locker
When provided in conjunction with surveillance, cycle lockers offer a secure parking facility which allows accessories to be stored and provides weather protection (Figure 3). Lockers may be operated by coin or token, or be secured by cycle lock. Credit cards or ‘smart’ cards may also be used. At public transport interchanges a system of reserving lockers on a weekly, monthly or annual season ticket basis may be appropriate. Lockers should be a minimum of 750mm wide, 1,900mm long and 1,200mm high. A minimum space of 1,500mm should be provided in front of the locker door for ease of access. The main disadvantages with cycle lockers are that they are likely tobe more expensive than Sheffi eld stands and may be visually intrusive within environmentally sensitive areas.
Figure 4: Typical Cycle Store Layout
Cycle stores may be used in lieu of lockers where space permits. They can either be under continuous supervision or have a shared key arrangement, where each cyclist has a key to the outer door. Sheffield stands should be provided inside (Refer to Figure 4) in order that cycles may be individually secured. This type of arrangement is likely to be most appropriate at work places where users generally belong to the same group.
Cycle Parking in Car Parks
Supervised provision within car parks is a common form of continental commuter cycle parking. It has the benefit of offering increased security but without the additional cost of installing lockers or stores and may make efficient use of areas within the car park that may not otherwise be used, provided that the space is clearly visible.
Cycle Parking Time Periods
B16 Cycle parking is generally required for 3 time periods:
- Short Term < 2 hours;
- Medium Term 2 - 12 Hours;
- Long Term > 12 Hours.
Short to Medium Term Parking
Short to medium term parking facilities are generally used at:
- Public Transport Interchanges (Railway Stations, Light Rail Stations, Guided Bus Stations, Coach Stations, Major Bus Stops);
- Public Buildings (Central Government, Local Government, Health
- Workplaces (Public, Private and Voluntary Organisations);
- Education Facilities (Primary, Secondary and Further Education);
- Shops and Shopping Centres;
- Parks and Leisure Facilities; and
- Places of Entertainment.
Medium to Long Term Parking
Medium to long term parking facilities are generally required at:
- Major transport Interchanges (Railway Stations, Coach Stations, Airports, Ferry Ports);
- Student Halls of Residence;
- Private Residences;
- Hotels and Hostels; and
- Camping and Holiday Sites.
In addition to the requirements for short-medium stay parking, designs should aim to provide:-
- A higher level of security;
- Weather protection; and
- Storage areas.
Cycle lockers, cycle stores (compounds) or supervised areas within car parks are likely to be more appropriate than unsupervised Sheffi eld stands as they provide increased security and storage facilities. Where necessary, location of Sheffield stands near to luggage lockers may be used