Annex A: Residential Parking Standards
The following tables (Tables 7 & 8 from the design guide ‘Creating Places’) set out the car parking provision required for residents and callers in developments on green-field sites or in low-density areas. Lesser provision may be acceptable in inner urban locations and other high-density areas. In special circumstances, in some inner urban locations, ‘car-free’ developments may be considered appropriate - where it can be demonstrated that households will not own a car or will keep it elsewhere. Further guidance on reduced parking provision is also provided in Development Control Advice Note 8 Housing in Existing Urban Areas.
The tables take account of the sizes and types of dwelling to be provided, and the proportions of spaces to be provided within house curtilages and / or in communal grouped parking spaces.
The provision required beyond house curtilages should be located in off-street communal parking areas or parking bays contiguous with carriageways.
A carriageway width of 5.5m is intended to allow for parking by casual callers, and these spaces may be counted towards the total provision required provided:
- they are clearly indicated on the submitted layout plan; and
- they do not obstruct entrances to driveways or block access along the carriageway.
Where in-curtilage parking is provided and driveways, by virtue of their length, can accommodate 2 or more cars parking end to end, no more than 2 of these spaces will be counted towards the in-curtilage provision.
Garages will only be counted towards the in-curtilage provision, where they are large enough to both accommodate cars and make provision for general storage, or alternatively, provision for general storage can be made elsewhere within the curtilage.
Each part of the layout should be self-sufficient with regard to its parking provision. For larger developments it will therefore be necessary to consider each part of the development separately to arrive at an appropriate total requirement.
Table 7 sets out the parking requirements for apartments and terraced houses that only have communal provision. Table 8 sets out the requirements for houses having one or more parking spaces within the curtilage. The total requirements given include spaces for residents, visitors and other callers.
Table 7 Total number of parking spaces per dwelling required for apartments and houses that have only communal parking provision.
|Type of Accomodation||Dwelling size (bedrooms)||Total no. of parking spaces required per dwelling (unassigned spaces)||Total no. of parking spaces required per dwelling (assigned spaces)*|
|Apartments||Bedsit and 1 bed||1.25||1.5|
|Terrace houses||1 and 2 bed||1.5||1.75|
|Terrace houses||3 bed||1.75||2.0|
*Communal parking areas with assigned spaces will not be adopted for future maintenance by the Road Service.
Table 8 Total number of parking spaces per dwelling required for houses that have in-curtilage parking provision.
|Dwelling size (bedrooms)||Total no. of parking spaces required per dwelling||Total no. of parking spaces required per dwelling||Total no. of parking spaces required per dwelling||Total no. of parking spaces required per dwelling|
|No. of in-curtilage spaces provided||1||2||3||4|
|Terrace houses||1 bed||1.75||2.25||----------||----------|
|Terrace houses||2 and 3 bed||2||2.25||----------||----------|
|Semi-detached houses||3 bed||2.25||2.5||3.25||4.25|
|Semi-detached houses||4 bed||2.25||2.75||3.5||4.25|
|Detached houses||3 bed||2.5||2.75||3.5||4.25|
|Detached houses||4 bed||2.75||3||3.75||4.5|
|Detached houses||5 bed||3||3.25||3.75||4.5|
Worked Example for Table 8
A group of eighteen 3-bed Semi-detached houses, each with one in-curtlage parking space. The total Requirement derived from Table 8 is for 40.5 spaces (18 x 2.25 spaces per dwelling) - rounded up to 41, and made up as follows:
|In-curtlage spaces (18 x 1.0 spaces) 18 spaces|
|Unassigned communal||(18 x 1.25 spaces)||22.5 spaces|
|Total requirement||40.5 spaces|
|(rounded up)||41.00 spaces|
The design guide ‘Creating Places’ states that sufficient space should be provided for bicycle parking within dwellings, garages or outside. Communal bicycle stands should normally be provided in association with apartment developments.
Communal bicycle stands needed for apartments should be located so that they can readily be seen from front windows and entrances to provide informal surveillance. They should be well-lit after dark to enhance personal and bicycle security.
Provision should normally be made for bicycles to be supported independently of each other. To promote security, the parking facility should make it possible for the frame of the bicycle and, if possible, both wheels to be locked to the fi xture.
A recommended bicycle parking facility is the ‘Sheffield Stand’. Other facilities may also be acceptable and the advice of the Department for Regional Development’s Roads Service should be sought.