Draft PPS18: Renewable Energy
Annex 1 Technology: Feedstock Availability
Biomass is a low value, high volume commodity that significantly increases in cost with even short transport distances. For economic and environmental reasons, the ideal maximum transport distance for fuel is therefore about 40 km; for some larger plant, this may be considerably greater, particularly if fuel can be transported by rail or sea. Generally, it is preferable to locate the proposed plant at the ‘centre of gravity’ of the proposed feedstock. As it may be necessary to seek a variety of feedstocks for a number of reasons including security of supply and regulatory policy, this centre of gravity will inevitably be influenced by the location of the different feedstocks. Main transport conduits or feedstock concentration points (such as ports or railheads) will be preferred locations for the larger plant.