PPS 11: Planning and Waste Management
Policy WM 3: Need and BPEO
8.7 While waste disposal through landfill or land raising will have a continuing role it is important that provision made is consistent with need as identified in the WMS and the relevant WMP. Otherwise alternative facilities may not come forward as required and the completion of existing sites may be delayed. The need identified in WMP’s will depend on a whole series of variables which may change over a substantial period of time. Consequently, it will be open to applicants to demonstrate need for their proposal taking account of current waste arisings.
8.8 Beyond EIC, applicants will have to demonstrate that their proposal meets need that cannot be met by other facilities, that the proposal is the BPEO and is consistent with the other waste management principles contained in Paragraph 1.16. The Department will also take into account any planning gain associated with proposals such as the remediation of contaminated land.
8.9 Guidance on BPEO is contained within ‘BPEO - Decision Makers’ Guide’ prepared by Environment and Heritage Service. BPEO is used within a waste management plan to select the best ‘potential’ options. Proposals for particular sites will require testing at the local level to determine the best ‘practicable’ option that delivers best value. Where the proposal has not specifically been identified as the BPEO in a WMP, applicants should apply the structured process set out on page 3 of the guide. Guidance on decision criteria and alternative waste management methods is given in Annexes A and B of the Guide.
8.10 Where it is the BPEO, landfilling of municipal waste should provide opportunities for energy recovery from landfill gas in accordance with the Landfill Directive. Provision may also be made for the sorting and recycling of wastes, for example, some inert waste materials could usefully be recycled as aggregate.
8.11 The disposal of inert wastes does not have the same potential to adversely impact on the environment. Again the opportunity for the establishment of recycling facilities will exist.
8.12 The EU Landfill Directive, when implemented, will require landfill sites or areas within landfill sites to be dedicated specifically to the deposit of special or hazardous waste. The Hazardous Waste Directive will extend the list of hazardous substances that should not be landfilled. As a result new waste treatment facilities will be needed to treat hazardous waste.