PPS 11: Planning and Waste Management
Policy WM 2: Composting
7.8 Composting schemes vary widely from the operations carried out by private households that do not require planning permission to larger scale commercial operations such as those developed by local authorities, the private sector or as joint ventures. The scale of commercial composting facilities can also vary from a small facility requiring only an area of hard standing for composting, a covered area for screening or storing of materials to large scale facilities, which will require large open areas and buildings. Larger scale facilities will, as a result be more visually intrusive and increase traffic in the vicinity.
7.9 Due to the potential for the generation of odour, dust, noise and bio-aerosols (including bacteria and fungal spores) the operation of commercial composting facilities can present problems in the vicinity of residential areas and workplaces. While noise and dust can be adequately controlled thorough operational measures, both odour and bio-aerosols have the potential to impact on the public at some distance from the operations. These considerations require that composting facilities are located on suitable industrial land, within or adjacent to a waste management facility or in the rural area. In rural areas such sites will have to be satisfactorily assimilated into the landscape and the operation shall either use existing buildings or new buildings provided that they are in scale with and adjacent to an existing non-residential building group. Distance from waste arisings can be offset by on farm use, otherwise the proximity principle suggests locations close to urban areas.