PPS 11: Planning and Waste Management
Introduction: Waste Management Strategy
1.9 The Waste Management Strategy for Northern Ireland (WMS), published in March 2000, establishes the framework for the substantial action required to change waste management practices in Northern Ireland.
1.10 The key aim of the WMS is to achieve fully sustainable waste management through the controlled reduction in landfill, waste minimisation and a significant increase in waste recycling and recovery. It paves the way for changing waste management practices in Northern Ireland and also provides a framework for the preparation by District Councils of Waste Management Plans (WMPs) under Article 23 of the Waste and Contaminated Land Order (Northern Ireland) 1997.
1.11 WMPs set out plans for the collection, treatment and disposal of controlled waste in their respective areas. In doing so they take account of the Best Practical Environmental Option (BPEO) (see Paragragh 1.28) for different waste streams and the other principles of the WMS. Waste Management Plans establish the need for particular types of facilities, set out site selection criteria, and may identify potential locations. They also set targets for recycling and recovery of waste and for the progressive reduction in the amount of waste to be disposed of to landfill.
1.12 The necessary changes in waste management will require the development of a new supporting infrastructure to provide an integrated network of recycling and recovery facilities and a limited number of landfill sites.
1.13 The WMS encourages District Councils to form partnerships for the preparation of WMPs which will be the basis for the establishment of an integrated network of sub-regional waste management facilities. This has resulted in the formation of three groups:-
- The Eastern Region Waste Management Group with 11 councils;
- The North West Region Waste Management Strategy Group with 7 councils; and
- The Southern Waste Area Management Group with 8 councils.
1.14 The needs identified in the WMPs will provide the basis for the development of proposals by District Councils and private operators with respect to the nature, character and location of the new generation of waste management facilities.
1.15 PPS 11 has an important role in supporting the development of a range of waste management facilities consistent with the principles and objectives of the WMS and WMPs. Consequently, both the WMS and WMPs are important material considerations in assessing development proposals for waste management facilities.
1.16 The key principles of sustainable waste management that underpin the WMS are:
- Sustainable development;
- The waste management hierarchy;
- The proximity principle;
- Regional self sufficiency;
- The development of integrated waste management facilities;
- A reduction in the amount of waste being landfilled; and
- The “Best Practicable Environmental Option”(BPEO).