PPS 6: Planning, Archaeology and The Built Heritage
Listed Buildings: Policy BH 11
Justification and Amplification
6.28 The setting of a listed building is often an essential part of the building’s character. This is particularly the case where a demesne, landscaped parkland, garden or grounds have been laid out to complement the design or function of the building. The economic viability as well as the character of listed buildings within such planned settings may suffer where inappropriate new development isolates them from their surroundings or degrades their landscape setting. This can effectively rob such buildings of much of their interest and the contribution they make to the local countryside or townscape. Where a listed building has no ancillary land, for example in a town or village street, its setting may include a number of other properties or even the whole street. These buildings may not necessarily be of great individual merit but combine to produce a visual harmony which enriches the setting of the listed building.
6.29 Any proposals for development which by its character or location may have an adverse affect on the setting of listed buildings will require very careful consideration by the Department. This will apply even if the development would only replace a building which is neither itself listed nor immediately adjacent to a listed building. Development proposals some distance from the site of a listed building can sometimes have an adverse affect on its setting e.g. where it would affect views of an historic skyline, while certain proposals, because of the nature of their use, can adversely affect the character of the setting of a listed building or group of buildings through noise, nuisance and general disturbance.
6.30 The design of new buildings planned to stand alongside historic buildings is particularly critical. Such buildings must be designed to respect their setting, follow fundamental architectural principles of scale, height, massing and alignment and use appropriate materials. This does not mean however that new buildings have to copy their older neighbours in detail. Some of the most interesting streets in our towns and villages include a variety of building styles, materials and forms of construction of several different periods, which together form a visually harmonious group.
6.31 The extent to which proposals will be required to comply with the criteria in Policy BH 11 will be influenced by a variety of factors: the character and quality of the listed building; the proximity of the proposal to it; the character and quality of the setting; and the extent to which the proposed development and the listed building will be seen in juxtaposition.
6.32 Where it is considered that a development proposal may affect the setting of a listed building the Department will normally require the submission of detailed drawings which illustrate the relationship between the proposal and the listed building. Where appropriate the Department will use its powers contained in the General Development Order to request applicants to supply such additional information on the proposed development as is considered necessary to allow proper determination.