PPS 5: Retailing and Town Centres
Glossary of Terms
Edge-of-centre: for shopping purposes, a location within easy walking distance (ie. 200 - 300 metres) of the town centre.
Out-of-centre: A location outside a town centre boundary but within defined development limits.
Out-of-town: A location outside defined development limits of settlements.
Centres: For the purpose of this PPS centres refers to city centre, town centre, district centre and local centre.
Town centre: for the purposes of this PPS town centre refers to city centres and town centres which provide a broad range of facilities and services and which fulfill a function as a focus both for the community and for public transport.
District centre: Groups of shops, separate from the town centre, usually containing at least one food supermarket or superstore and non-retail service uses such as banks, building societies and restaurants.
Local centre: Small groupings of shops, typically comprising a general grocery store, a sub-post office, occasionally a pharmacy and other small shops of a local nature.
Supermarket: Self-service store selling mainly food, with a gross retail floorspace of less than 2500 square metres, often with its own car parking.
Superstore: Self-service store selling mainly food, or food and non-food goods, usually with more than 2500 square metres gross retail floorspace with car parking.
Retail warehouses: Large single-level individual store with a minimum of 1000 square metres gross retail floorspace normally selling goods such as DIY goods, furniture, electrical goods, carpets and gardening goods, with car parking provision.
Retail warehouse parks: An agglomeration of at least three retail warehouses.
Warehouse clubs: Out-of-centre businesses specialising in bulk sales of reduced priced goods. The operator may limit access to businesses, organisations or classes of individual through membership restrictions.
Factory outlets: Retail businesses specialising in the sale of manufacturer's products direct to the public.
Factory outlet centres: Groups of shops specialising in selling seconds and end-of-line goods at discounted prices.
Convenience goods: Broadly defined as food, drinks, tobacco, newspapers, magazines, cleaning materials, toilet articles.
Comparison goods: Other goods not classified as convenience goods.
Comparison shopping: For the purposes of this PPS comparison shopping refers to shops selling comparison goods, but excludes retail warehouses.
Mixed retailing: For the purposes of this PPS mixed retailing refers to a shop or groups of shops selling convenience and comparison goods, but excludes retail warehouses, warehouse clubs and free-standing food supermarkets and food superstores.
Retailing is a dynamic industry and new forms of retailing may rapidly evolve which are inadequately described by current conventional technology.