PPS 4: Industrial Development
Development Control: Industries of an Offensive or Hazardous Nature
32. Certain industries involve processes or materials which can result in adverse effects on adjacent land uses or the local environment such as pollution, noise, smell, fumes, or dust. Proposals for potentially offensive or hazardous industrial development will be carefully considered to ensure the public would not be placed at high risk. Decisions will be based on the precautionary principle that where there is uncertainty, the protection of the environment will generally be paramount unless there are imperative reasons of overriding public interest. There will be an onus on developers to demonstrate that all relevant factors have been taken into consideration and that the proposal represents the least damaging and most effective solution. While many potential difficulties can be controlled through non-planning legislation, the advice of relevant experts will be sought in the processing of planning applications. Where permission is granted, conditions will be imposed in order to minimise or mitigate the impact of development on the environment.