Planning Portal

Transport Assessment
Stage 2: Influencing Travel to the Development: Layout and design of the development

The design of all developments and re-developments should give priority to access on foot, by cycle and by public transport (including the access needs of people with a mobility impairment) before considering access by private cars. It should also be noted that the private car is very important to some people with a mobility impairment and care should be taken to ensure that their specific mobility is not restricted when access is being considered. For developments requiring servicing, access arrangements for deliveries must also be considered.
Good design and layout of a development can significantly improve the ease of access by non-car modes.  The detailed design will differ with each type of development, the particular site and it’s setting.
Detailed design of the development requires:
  • the entrance(s) to be as close as possible to pedestrian routes and crossings, compatible with safe design, to allow easy access from both sides of the highway.  Entrances should also be sited near to bus stops where there are existing bus services, or to bus or railway stations when appropriate. Account must also be taken of access by taxi and, where appropriate, design must consider measures such as drop-off zones, covered waiting areas and communication points. Pedestrian/cycle access is to be given priority;
  • walking routes to be direct to and within the development, providing safe and secure routes which must be suitable for use by people with mobility impairments;
  • links to cycle networks, with secure cycle parking adjacent to the main entrance; and
  • access by car, including from the car park, not to be given priority over other modes.
Design factors that influence accessibility
  • the nature of the place where development is to occur;
  • how it relates to its surroundings, especially movement routes;
  • the network of spaces and movement patterns;
  • the orientation and location of buildings within the site;
  • the access arrangements within the site;
  • the ease of pedestrian access to the site;
  • the ease of cycling  to the site;
  • the location of the site with respect to public transport services; an
  • the location and provision of parking.
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