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DCAN 11(Draft): Access for all - Designing for an Accessible Environment
Reserved Car Parking

7.1 Where car parking is required in association with development, reserved spaces should be provided in accordance with the following standards.

Reserved Parking Spaces in Off-Street Car Parks

Total Parking Spaces Required Allocation for People with Disabilities
1-10 spaces Each case treated on its merits with the presumption that some allocation will be made where practicable.
11-20 spaces Minimum of 1 space
21+ spaces 5% of spaces or a minimum of 2 spaces (whichever is the greater)
200+ spaces 2 spaces plus 4% of total capacity
(1) In all cases where the percentage allocation results in a proportion of a space, this should be rounded up i.e. a calculation of 2.3 would entail provision of 3 designated spaces.
(2) In cases where the Department accepts or applies a reduced standard for car parking provision overall, the number of designated spaces to be provided should not generally be reduced.
7.2 Reserved parking spaces should be on the level and 3.6 metres wide to allow transfer from a wheelchair into a car. Alternatively a shared 'transfer' space 1.2 metres wide can be provided between two standard bays of 2.4 metres wide. Each space should be 4.8 metres long and wherever possible a 1.2 metre wide safety zone should be provided for boot access or to facilitate cars with rear hoists.
7.3 Bays in line should be 6.6 metres long to allow access to the car boot where a wheelchair may be stowed.
Figure 1: Accessible off-street parking spaces
Figure 1. Accessible off-street parking spaces
Figure 2: On-street parking
Figure 2. On-street parking
Figure 3: Sign to accompany reserved spaces
Figure 3. Sign to accompany reserved spaces
7.4 Reserved parking spaces should be located as near as possible to the building entrance or car park lift, to minimise the travel distance. The route to the entrance or lift from the reserved spaces should be accessible, clearly defined and well lit. Where distances exceed 50 metres a covered way should also be considered.
7.5 Many basement and lower ground parking areas are set below the entrance door level in case of petrol spillage. This forms a step which should have a ramped alternative. The lobbies, doors and lifts en route from the reserved spaces to the building should be fully accessible.
7.6 Ducting installed into basement car parks can often result in restricted headroom. Such obstacles and pedestrian restrictions should be designed away from circulation routes and from the reserved parking spaces.
7.7 If access into the car park is via a security barrier, it should be useable from the driver's seat of the car, avoiding the need to get out of the car until it is parked - it can take several minutes and considerable effort to lift a wheelchair in or out of a car.
7.8 Reserved parking spaces should be correctly marked out on the ground with the international disability symbol and on a signpost or wall at eye level. The spaces and signs should be well lit. The location of reserved spaces should also be clearly signposted from the car park entrance.
7.9 The management of the parking bays should ensure that abuse of the reserved spaces does not occur.
7.10 In large scale developments open to the public (for example supermarket, shopping centre or leisure centre) a parking space (minimum 2.5 metres by 8 metres) should whenever possible be provided as close as possible to the main building entrance as a setting down/picking up area to accommodate disabled transport. At picking up points seats should be provided under cover.
7.11 Further advice on the design of reserved parking bays is contained in Department of Transport - Traffic Advisory Leaflet 5/95: Parking for Disabled People2.
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