Derry Area Plan 2011
Built Environment: Proposals/Policies (Page 3 of 4)
Development which would be likely to alter, damage or destroy individual sites or monuments, or result in inappropriate change to the setting of such sites or monuments or to the historic landscape will not normally be permitted.
Archaeological sites and monuments are important as individual features, as elements in the historic landscape and as features which contribute to the distinctive local landscape character. Some are landmarks, others are scarcely visible and some survive only beneath the ground, under modern fields and settlements. They provide evidence of thousands of years of human activity and settlement. They are a finite and diminishing resource which once destroyed cannot be replaced. Every archaeological site or monument which is damaged or destroyed means the loss of part of the record of our past.
The scheduling of these sites is ongoing and the fact that a site or monument has not yet received statutory protection does not diminish its archaeological importance or its significance as an element in the historic landscape. In all cases the desirability of preserving an archaeological site or monument and its setting, whether scheduled or not is a material planning consideration. In some cases it may be necessary for additional archaeological research or on-site evaluation, which may include excavation assessment, to be undertaken before a planning decision can be reached.
The discovery of archaeological remains may represent a material change which can affect the nature of the development which will be permitted. Developers should seek to identify the existence of archaeological remains which may be affected by their proposals so that appropriate strategies to deal with the archaeological implications can be designed at an early stage. Planning permission will not be granted for a development which would destroy archaeological remains which ought to be preserved in situ.
The Department will protect sites and settings of monuments in State Care or which might be taken into State Care. Proposals for development in the vicinity of these monuments which would be likely to have an adverse effect on the sites or their settings will not be permitted. Particular attention will be paid to the impact of the proposal on:
- the area of historic landscape in which the site or monument functioned;
- critical views of and from the site or monument;
- the access and public approaches to the site or monument;
- the understanding and enjoyment of the site or monument by visitors.
There are 5 monuments and groups of monuments in State Care in the District. These are Ballygroll Prehistoric Landscape, Brackfield Bawn, Ervey Court Tomb, Londonderry City Walls and Mullaboy Standing Stone. The area around the Walls is an area of archaeological potential, within which site evaluation may be necessary to reach a planning decision. Permission may be conditioned to minimise disturbance or to provide for archaeological recording which may include excavation (see Map BE 1).
The Department will encourage the beneficial re-use of historic industrial buildings and sites where they make a significant contribution to the townscape or the locality.
Within the District there are many examples of important buildings which are reminders of past industrial development. The City has traditionally had a strong association with manufacturing, particularly with regard to the shirt industry. While most of the shirt factories have now closed or relocated, many of their former buildings remain and, whilst largely vacant, contribute significantly to the townscape of the City.