Planning Portal

Bessbrook Conservation Area

Location: Co. Armagh
Designation date: 14 October 1983

Background

Bessbrook Conservation AreaThe mill village of Bessbrook as it appears today is the product of the Industrial revolution. Its situation was chosen because of its proximity to the Camlough River and its physical layout was determined by the principle of maximizing the advantages of its excellent loacation.
As a 'planned settlement' Bessbrook was a 'Social Experiment' developed by the Richardson family and established basically in the period 1845 to 1870.

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It was one of the earliest of the model towns associated with large industrial developments and although historians have until recently given little credit to Bessbrook's influence, it proceded the building of English model towns such as Saltaire (1852) and Port Sunlight (1888).
The Richardson example inspired Mr John Cadbury in 1895 to start the famous garden village of Bournville which has directly influenced town and country planning all over the world.  The Conservation Area is situated in the centre of Bessbrook village and its boundaries follow the limits of the historic village.

The Design Guide

The design guide generally provides information on the planning context, historical development, description or character appraisal of the area, the designation and guidelines for development proposals.

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