Draft PPS 18: Renewable Energy
Policy RE 1
|Policy RE 1 Renewable Energy Development|
Development that generates energy from renewable resources will be permitted provided the proposal, and any associated buildings and infrastructure (including transmission lines), would not result in an unacceptable adverse impact on:
(a) public safety; human health; or residential amenity;
(b) visual amenity and landscape character;
(c) biodiversity, nature conservation or built heritage interests;
(d) local natural resources, including air and water quality; and
(e) public access to the countryside.
Proposals will be expected to be located at, or as close as possible to, the source of the resource needed for that particular technology, unless, in the case of a Combined Heat and Power scheme, it can be demonstrated that the benefits of the scheme outweigh the costs of transportation and an end user is identified.
Applications for renewable energy development will be expected to be accompanied by an appropriate detailed statement of the environmental effects of the proposal, and for any larger scale project, its benefits in terms of the amount of energy it is anticipated to generate.
Certain development, depending on its scale or location may require an Environmental Impact Assessment and in addition where a proposal would be likely to have a significant effect on a Site of International Nature Conservation Importance, the developer will need to submit such information as required by the competent authority to carry out an Appropriate Assessment.
Permission will only be granted if any unavoidable damage that would be caused during installation, operation (or in the case of windfarms, decommissioning) is minimised and mitigated, and where necessary, compensated for.
The wider environmental, economic and social benefits of all proposals for renewable energy projects, whatever their scale, are material considerations that will be given significant weight in determining whether planning permission should be granted.
In addition developers of major windfarms and other large scale renewable energy projects will be encouraged to provide Community Benefits outside the planning process.
The information and best practice guidance for all forms of renewable 14 energy development set out in Annex 1 will be taken into account in assessing proposals.
Wind Energy Development
Applications specifically for wind energy development will also be required to demonstrate all of the following:
(i) that the development will not have a unacceptable impact on visual amenity or landscape character through: the number, scale, size and siting of turbines; or the need for new transmission lines for connection to the electricity supply grid;
(ii) that the development will not impact significantly on peatland carbon stores if sited in or near a peatland habitat;
(iii) that the development has taken into consideration the cumulative impact of neighbouring wind turbines or wind farm development, existing or approved;
(iv) that no part of the development will give rise to unacceptable electromagnetic interference to communications installations; radar or air traffic control systems; emergency services communications; or other telecommunication systems;
(v) that no part of the development will have an unacceptable impact on roads, rail or aviation safety;
(vi) that the development will not cause significant harm to the safety or amenity of the users of any regularly occupied building arising from noise; shadow flicker; ice throw; and reflected light; and
(vii) that above-ground redundant plant (including turbines), buildings and associated infrastructure shall be removed and the site restored to an agreed standard appropriate to its location.
In addition to the information and best practice guidance set out in Annex 1, supplementary guidance on the sensitivity of the Region’s landscapes to wind energy development is currently in preparation and will also be taken into account in assessing proposals.
This section contains the following sub-categories: