Planning Portal

PPS 11: Planning and Waste Management
Policy WM 5

Policy WM 5 Development in the Vicinity of Waste Management Facilities
Proposals involving the development of land in the vicinity of existing or approved waste management facilities and waste water treatment works (WWTWs), will only be permitted where all the following criteria are met:
  • it will not prejudice or unduly restrict activities permitted to be carried out within the waste management facility; and  
  • it will not give rise to unacceptable adverse impacts in terms of people, transportation systems or the environment.

Justification and Amplification

10.1 Waste management facilities carry out an important function in the treatment and disposal of waste and will be approved in appropriate locations. However, such facilities often undertake complex operations that can impact adversely on the environment. While environmental standards are continually improving nevertheless there may be potential risks at individual sites, for example, in relation to odour, windblown litter or birds.
10.2 The potential adverse impact of existing or approved facilities upon neighbouring land uses will be a material consideration in the determination of planning applications for the development of that land. Planning control must consider the acceptability of development in proximity to potential sources of pollution. Consideration will therefore need to be given to the sensitivity of development proposed in the vicinity of waste management facilities and WWTWs, particularly sensitive uses such as residential development or areas of public use.
10.3 This is particularly important in relation to landfill sites as the EU Landfill Directive, when implemented, will require landfill sites or areas within landfill sites to be dedicated specifically to the deposit of special or hazardous waste. The Hazardous Waste Directive will extend the list of hazardous substances that should not be landfilled. As a result new waste treatment facilities will be needed to treat hazardous waste.
10.4 In relation to development proposed in the vicinity of WWTW’s the potential adverse impact of existing or approved infrastructure upon neighbouring land uses will be a material consideration in the determination of planning applications for the development of that land. In particular, planning applications involving land within the vicinity of WWTWs will not be approved where there would be a loss of amenity from odour nuisance.
10.5 Applications will be approved or refused depending on the circumstances prevailing at particular locations. Relevant considerations will include the nature and capacity of the treatment works, local topography, prevailing wind direction, screening and disposition of existing development, the nature of the proposed development, the precise position of actual odour sources within the boundaries of the works and advice on relevant environmental health matters. In all cases, specific advice will be sought from the Environmental Health Department of the relevant District Council.
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