PPS 6: Planning, Archaeology and The Built Heritage
Listed Buildings: Listed Building Control
6.1 Once a building is listed, Article 44 of the Planning (NI) Order provides that consent is required for its demolition and for any works of alteration or extension in any manner which would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. This is referred to as “listed building consent” and it is a criminal offence to carry out such works without consent. Planning permission is also required in addition to listed building consent if the works involve “development”. In such cases, it will generally be preferable if both applications are considered concurrently.
6.2 Listed building controls apply to all works, including repairs, that affect a building’s special interest, whether or not the particular feature concerned is specifically mentioned in the list description. The term “building” is defined broadly and can include, for example, walls and bridges as well as structures falling in the more usual understanding of the term. Protection also extends to the interior of listed buildings and to most buildings within the curtilage of the listed structure. Buildings included in the statutory list are divided into three grades A, B+ and B. The Department would however emphasise that the statutory controls apply equally to all listed buildings, irrespective of grade. Further information on these matters and the Department’s criteria for the selection of listed buildings are set out in Annex C.