Craigavon Area Plan 2010
Policy Framework: Conservation (Page 2 of 2)
Regional Policy Context
The Regional Development Strategy (RDS) deals with the issues that link the natural and the built heritage. It recognises that a range of statutory measures is appropriate, such as designations for conservation and protection, while promoting good stewardship of all our environmental resources and cultural heritage. The RDS aims to encourage appreciation and care of both the natural and man-made elements within the environment together by:
- conserving the natural environment;
- protecting and managing the Northern Ireland coastline; and
- conserving the built environment.
The Department's regional planning policies for the protection of conservation interests in Craigavon Borough are currently set out in Planning Policy Statement 2 (PPS 2): Planning and Nature Conservation and Planning Policy Statement 6 (PPS 6): Planning, Archaeology and the Built Heritage. PPS 2 contains policies for the hierarchy of sites of nature conservation importance. It also addresses trees and woodlands, protection of species and peatlands. PPS 6 contains policies for archaeological sites and monuments and listed buildings, including industrial heritage sites, conservation areas and historic parks, gardens and demesnes. It also addresses non-listed vernacular buildings.
Sites of Local Nature Conservation Importance are identified and designated on the basis of their flora, fauna or earth science interest. In assessing development proposals on or adjacent to these sites, priority will normally be given to the protection of their nature conservation interests. Where development can be accommodated, planning permission will normally be subject to conditions in order to protect the conservation interest or to provide appropriate mitigation measures. Where appropriate, developers may be asked to enter a planning agreement under Article 40 of the Planning (Northern Ireland) Order 1991 to secure these outcomes.
The Sites of Local Nature Conservation Importance are identified on Map No. 1 Craigavon Borough and Map No. 5 Craigavon Urban Area.
|Plan Policy CON 2 Local Landscape Policy Areas|
|Local Landscape Policy Areas are designated in or adjacent to Lurgan, Portadown, Central Craigavon, Aghacommon, Aghagallon, Dollingstown, Drumnacanvy, Donaghcloney, Magheralin, Waringstown, Gibson's Hill, Ballynabragget, Milltown (Co. Armagh) and Tartaraghan.|
There is a need to respect and protect the natural and man-made environment in and adjoining Craigavon Urban Area and the Borough's other settlements, where development pressures are normally greatest. Local Landscape Policy Areas (LLPAs) are those areas within or adjoining settlements which are considered to be of greatest amenity value, landscape quality or local significance and therefore worthy of protection from undesirable or damaging development. They may include:
- archaeological sites and monuments and their surroundings;
- listed and other locally important buildings and their surroundings;
- river banks and shore lines and associated public access;
- areas of significant landscape and visual amenity;
- historic or planned landscapes;
- attractive vistas, localised hills and other areas of local amenity importance;
- areas of local nature conservation importance; and
- areas of woodland and important tree groups.
LLPAs within the Borough's settlements can help to ensure that new development does not dominate their distinctive landscape and townscape characteristics. They can also function as buffer zones between different uses and help reduce the likelihood of over-intensive development. LLPAs located beyond the limits of these settlements will help protect those features considered to be of greatest importance to their local landscape setting.
The use of Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs) will be considered within those LLPAs where trees contribute significantly to visual amenity or where trees are considered under threat from development. In cases where a Tree Preservation Order is already in existence, the LLPA policy will act in addition to, and without prejudice to, any other statutory provision associated with this Order.
LLPAs are identified on the relevant Plan maps and further information on each area is set out in Part 3 of the Plan.
Care must be taken to ensure that the proposed development does not dominate the Local Landscape Policy Area. It should integrate sympathetically with the natural environment and respect the man-made heritage, therefore conserving and enhancing,rather than destroying, the quality of the landscape. The proposal should also meet all other planning requirements.
Plan Policy CON 3 does not apply to the following:
- Designation C/LLPA 1 - Carn Local Landscape Policy Area;
- Designation P/LLPA 5 - The Pines Local Landscape Policy Area;
- Designation P/LLPA 6 - Craigavon Area Hospital Local Landscape Policy Area; and
- Designation P/LLPA 4 - River Bann Local Landscape Policy Area.
Guidance relating to LLPAs is set out in Part 3 of the Plan.
|Plan Policy CON 4 Historic Parks, Gardens and Demesnes|
The following parks, gardens and demesnes of special historic interest are designated:
The following parks, gardens and demesnes only retain some elements of their original form and are therefore identified as supplementary sites:
Development proposals will be assessed in these areas in accordance with the provisions of prevailing regional planning policy.
The character and appearance of the landscape of Craigavon Borough owes much to the division and enclosure of the landscape, and its management and planned enhancement, since the 17th Century. These designed landscapes, parks, gardens and demesnes have been so changed by time, neglect or new uses that in many cases, their historical character may not be obvious, and indeed, some sites in the Borough, which are now valued for their natural heritage interest, were originally "planned" landscaping. Most of the mature individual and hedgerow trees, tree clumps and areas of "natural" woodland, which are seen in the countryside today, were once planted to provide attractive surroundings and views for landowners, and timber for revenue and use on their estates. Whatever their present individual character and condition, these designed landscapes continue to contribute to the distinctive appearance and character of the local landscape.
Within the Borough three gardens, parks and demesnes retain their original character and design, to an extent that they are valuable for their special historic interest and these are designated by the Department. Four sites, Eden Villa, Fairview House (Tannaghmore Gardens), Raughlan and Straw Hill, which retain some distinctive historic elements, are identified as supplementary sites. These areas will be detailed in a Register of Parks, Gardens and Demesnes of Special Historic Interest in Northern Ireland, to be published by the Department of the Environment's Environment and Heritage Service. This Register will summarise the historical significance of each site and the contribution such planned features make to the local landscape. It will also seek to encourage the public, as well as owners, to value and support the protection and maintenance of such sites.
The Department's policy for the protection of historic parks, gardens and demesnes is contained in PPS 6: Planning, Archaeology and the Built Heritage. The location of the designated sites is shown by symbol on Map Nos. 1 and 5 and their definitive boundaries are shown on Map Nos. 2, 3 and 4. Supplementary sites are contained in Appendix 5.
|Plan Policy CON 5 Areas of Townscape Character|
Areas of Townscape Character (ATCs) are designated in Lurgan, Portadown, Donaghcloney and Charlestown. Development proposals within Areas of Townscape Character will normally only be permitted where they meet all of the following criteria:
Planning applications within ATCs will be considered in the context of the above policy and PPS 7: Quality Residential Environments until further specific regional planning policy to guide development in ATCs is in place. Whilst the Department appreciates that all settlements have their own unique identity, there are certain parts of the Borough's settlements which exhibit a distinct character based on their historic form. In recognition of this distinct character and intrinsic quality, Areas of Townscape Character (ATCs) are designated.
The Department wishes to ensure that new development respects the distinctive character and appearance of the townscape displayed within these areas. It is also considered that the characteristic built forms displayed in these defined areas can also help inform developers in preparing development proposals elsewhere in these settlements in order to reinforce local identity. The boundaries of the ATCs within Craigavon Borough are identified on the relevant Plan maps.